A divya desam with a great history behind it. Nathamunigal heard few vaishnavas sing 10 pasuram of Azhwar'sThiruvaimozhi starting with the name of this temple deity "ARAVAMUDA", he traced the origin of the pasuram to Azhwar Thirunagari. There he was gifted with Madhurakavi Azhwar's "Kanninun Siru Thambu" He kept reciting it. The miracle happened. Nammazhwar appeared in front of Nathamunigal and blessed him with 4000 pasuram, which is now celebrated as Naalaiyira Divya Prabandham.
The legend has it that the fourth and most lived azhwar, Thirumazhisai Azhwar reached Tirukudanthai, he thought of taking a pradakshinam of the temple before entering it. As he started doing it, Tirukudanthai aravamudhapiran also started turning his head towards the direction of Thirumazhisai Azhwar till he entered the temple. As soon as he entered he commanded the reclining Aravamudhan to sit up and talk to him. Perumal conceded to azhwar's command and started to get up from his position. Thirumazhisai Azhwar got petrified, he stopped Aravamudhapiran from getting up and asked him to recline. Aravamudhapiran even now blesses his devotees in the half reclining position. due to AzhwAr's attachment towards pirAn - they got their names interchanged - i.e., thirumazhisai pirAn and ArAvamudhAzhwAr"
Thiruvezhukkurrirukkai is a hymn sung by Thirumangaiazhwar in praise of Aravamudan, this is an extraordinary type of Prabandam, involving the drawing of a Chariot-like figure with a top half and a bottom one. Each half is in the form of a seven-tiered Pyramid, with the top one an upright pyramid and the bottom one inverted. At its broad end, the Pyramid consists of a base with 13 slots, which gradually decrease, as we go up the tapering structure, with the top-most tier consisting of three slots. This would be in the reverse order in the inverted pyramid at the bottom. Each of these slots would be filled with numbers from one to seven: for instance, the topmost tier of three slots would be filled with numbers 1, 2 and 1-the next one with 1, 2, 3, 2, and 1, the third tier from the top with 1,2,3,4,3,2,1, the fourth tier with 1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,and 1 and so on, with the base of the pyramid ending with the numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,6,5,4,3,2 and 1.
The temple is located in Kumbakonam 1 1/2 miles from the railway station.
The Moolavar is Saarangabaani/ Aravamudhapiran seen in half-reclining posture on Aadiseshan, facing East.
The Lord is said to have married Komalavalli Thaayar who was born to Hemarishi & performed penance to wed the Lord. The Lord's sannadhi is constructed in the form of a chariot with wheels pulled by elephants.
Thaayaar - Komalavalli
Theertham - Hema Pushkarini (Porraamarai), Cauvery river, Arasalaaru(river).
Periazhwar - 173, 177, 188
Aandaal - 628
Thirumazhisaiazhwar - 807 - 812, 2417
Thirumangaiazhwar - 949, 954, 991, 1078, 1202, 1205, 1394, 1526, 1538, 1570, 1606, 1732, 1759, 1853, 1949, 1975, 2010, 2037, 2045, 2068, 2070, 2080, 2672, 2673, 2674
Boodathazhwar - 2251, 2278
Peyazhwar - 2311, 2343
Nammazhwar - 3194 - 3204
Total of 51 Paasurams
Srimathe ramanujaya namaha :